2019 年 11 月 7 日雅思考试真题回忆汇总
1-15)Choose a correct letter from A,B or C
11.When did S family arrive in the S area?
B.1907(3 years after arriving)
C.1911(set up the hotel)
12.What is S﹡﹡region well known for?
trees were mentioned first,but famous for birds，more than 150 kinds of birds
13.Why is S**villa special？
A.Limited member few survived
B.Designed by famous architecture
C.First to use solar energy
14.If you pay extra money,the manager will:
A.Clean the garden for you
B.Rent villa out for you
C.Check villa regularly15.All type B villas have:
B.Four bedrooms one bedroom not four..
19.Kids play area——D
20.Day water spa——C
S3：新式水下作业工具 AUV 新式潜水器
Questions 21-24 Matching
Which is the following feature of each of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles(AUVs)?
A.can stay in one area
B.has special shape
C.is made of strong material
D.drives well on rough terrain
E.acts the best in deep water
F.senses the dangers on seabed
G.uses solar energy
Questions 25-30 Multiple Choice
25.Which aspect do students agree that the study on AUVs should depend on
26.Where did the oil off the Canadian shore come from?
27.Why was the well-known“Valin”used for oil exploring?
A.It is the most advanced at the time
B.It can take photos of seabed
C.It is specially designed for detecting underwater animals
28.What do researchers use“Valin”to analyze?
A.How long the oil was on the seabed
B.How much the oil was on the seabed
C.The materials attached on sea animals
29.The oil study was difficult for
A.The oil is complex and unpredictable
B.There are some uncertain areas
C.There are many different kinds of sea animals
30.Why do researchers like to use natural oil seeps for study?
A.It show how sea animals change to suit sea environment
B It concentrates on one special area
C It doesn't need particular equipment or clothing
Passage 1 氏族部落等级
Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history,sociologists and
anthropologists tend to classify different societies according to the degree to which different
groups within a society have unequal access to advantages such as resources,prestige or power,
and usually refer to four basic types of societies.From least to most socially complex they are
clans,tribes,chiefdoms and states.
These are small-scale societies of hunters and gatherers,generally of fewer than 100 people,who
move seasonally to exploit wild(undomesticated)food resources.Most surviving-hunter-gatherer
groups are of this kind,such as the Hadza of Tanzania or the San of southern Africa.Clan members
are generally kinsfolk,related by descent or marriage.Clans lack formal leaders,so there are no
marked economic differences or disparities in status among their members.
Because clans are posed of mobile groups of hunter-gatherers,their sites consist mainly of
seasonally occupied camps,and other smaller and more specialized sites.Among the latter are kill
or butchery sites—locations where large mammals are killed and sometimes butchered—and work
sites,where tools are made or other specific activities carried out.The base camp of such a group
may give evidence of rather insubstantial dwellings or temporary shelters,along with the debris of
These are generally larger than mobile hunter-gatherer groups,but rarely number more than a few
thousand,and their diet or subsistence is based largely on cultivated plants and domesticated
animals.Typically,they are settled farmers,but they may be nomadic with a very different,mobile
economy based on the intensive exploitation of livestock.These are generally multi-munity
societies,with the individual munities integrated into the larger society through kinship
ties.Although some tribes have officials and even a“capital”or seat of government,such officials
lack the economic base necessary for effective use of power.
The typical settlement pattern for tribes is one of settled agricultural homesteads or villages.
Characteristically,no one settlement dominates any of the others in the region.Instead,the
archaeologist finds evidence for isolated,permanently occupied houses or for permanent
villages.Such villages may be made up of a collection of free-standing houses,like those of the
first farms of the Danube valley in Europe.Or they may be clusters of buildings grouped
together,for example,the pueblos of the American Southwest,and the early farming village or
small town ofÇatalhöyük in modern Turkey.
These operate on the principle of ranking—differences in social status between people.Differentlineages(a lineage is a group claiming descent from a common ancestor)are graded on a scale of
prestige,and the senior lineage,and hence the society as a whole,is governed by a chief.Prestige
and rank are determined by how closely related one is to the chief,and there is no true stratification
into classes.The role of the chief is crucial.
Often,there is local specialization in craft products,and surpluses of these and of foodstuffs are
periodically paid as obligation to the chief.He uses these to maintain his retainers,and may use
them for redistribution to his subjects.The chiefdom generally has a center of power,often with
temples,residences of the chief and his retainers,and craft specialists.Chiefdoms vary greatly in
size,but the range is generally between about 5000 and 20,000 persons.
These preserve many of the features of chiefdoms,but the ruler(perhaps a king or sometimes a
queen)has explicit authority to establish laws and also to enforce them by the use of a standing
army.Society no longer depends totally upon kin relationships:it is now stratified into different
classes.Agricultural workers and the poorer urban dwellers form the lowest classes,with the craft
specialists above,and the priests and kinsfolk of the ruler higher still.The functions of the ruler are
often separated from those of the priest:palace is distinguished from temple.The society is viewed
as a territory owned by the ruling lineage and populated by tenants who have an obligation to pay
taxes.The central capital houses a bureaucratic administration of officials;one of their principal
purposes is to collect revenue(often in the form of taxes and tolls)and distribute it to
government,army and craft specialists.Many early states developed complex redistribution
systems to support these essential services.
This rather simple social typology,set out by Elman Service and elaborated by William Sanders
and Joseph Marino,can be criticized,and it should not be used unthinkingly.Nevertheless,if we
are seeking to talk about early societies,we must use words and hence concepts to do so.
Service’s categories provide a good framework to help organize our thoughts.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts with the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1 Little economic difference could be found between clan members.---T
2 There are a wide range of plants that grew by the farmers of a tribe.---NG
3 One settlement is the most important in a tribe.---F
4 How much land a person owns determines his status.---F
5 People craft goods in chiefdoms.---T
6 The king uses military force to maintain the order of a state.---T
7 Bureaucratic officers receive higher salaries than other members.---NG
Choose No More Than Two Words from the passage 1 for each answer.
8 What are carried out at the clan work sites?
Tools9 Besides settle farming,what is the other way of life for tribes?
10 What is the arrangement ofÇatalhöyük’s housing units?
11 What does a chief reward his subjects apart from giving crafted goods?
12 What is the smallest possible population of a chiefdom?
13 Which group of people is at the bottom of an early state but higher than the farmers?
Passage 2 机器人
同 2015 年 6 月 18 日考试非常类似，大家可以看下篇文章作为参考
Man or Machine
MIT’s humanoid robots showcase both human creativity and contemporarypessimism.
Humanoid robots were once the stuff of political and science fiction.Today,scientists working in
Japan and the USA have been turning fiction into aphysical reality.
A During July 2003,the Museum of Science in Cambridge,Massachusetts exhibited what Honda
calls“the world’s most advanced humanoidrobot”,ASIMO(the Advanced Step in Innovative
Mobility).Honda’s brainchild ison tour in North America and delighting audiences wherever it
goes.After 17years in the making,ASIMO stands at four feet tall,weighs around 115 poundsand
looks like a child in an astronaut’s suit.Though it is difficult to seeASIMO’s face at a distance,on
closer inspection it has a smile and two large“eyes”that conceal cameras.The robot cannot work
autonomously---its actionsare“remote-controlled”by scientists through the computer in its
backpack.Yetwatching ASMIO perform at a show in Massachusetts it seemed uncannily
human.The audience cheered as ASIMO walked forwards and backwards,side to side andup and
downstairs.It can even dance to the Hawaiian Hula.
B While the Japanese have made large strides in solving some of theengineering problems of
human kinetics and bipedal movements,for the past 10years scientists at MIT’s former Artificial
Intelligence(AI)lab(recentlyrenamed the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence
Laboratory,CSAIL)have been making robots that can behave like humans and interact with
humans.One of MIT’s robots,Kismet,is an anthropomorphic head and has two eyes(complete with
eyelids),ears,a mouth,and eyebrows.It has several facialexpressions,including
happy,sad,frightened and disgusted.Humaninterlocutors are able to read some of the robot’s facial
expressions,andoften change their behavior towards the machine as a result–for example,playing
with it when it appears“sad”.Kismet is now in MIT’s museum,but theideas developed here
continue to be explored in new robots.
C Cog(short for Cognition)is another pioneering project from MIT’sformer AL lab.Cog has a
head,eyes,two arms,hands and a torso–and itsproportions were originally measured from the bodyof a researcher in the lab.The work on Cog has been used to test theories of embodiment and
developmentalrobotics,particularly getting a robot to develop intelligence by responding toits
environment via sensors,and to learn through these types of interactions.This approach to AI was
though up and develop by a team of students andresearchers led by the head of MIT’former AI
lab,Rodney Brooks(now head ofCSAIL),and represented a completely new development.
D This work at MIT is getting furthest down the road to creatinghuman-like and interactive
robots.Some scientists argue that ASIMO is a greatengineering feat but not an intelligent machine
–because it is unable tointeract autonomously with unpredictabilities in its environment in
meaningways,and learn from experience.Robots like Cog and Kismet and new robots atMIT’s
CSAIL and media lab,however,are beginning to do this.
E These are exciting developments.Creating a machine that can walk,make gestures and learn
from its environment is an amazing achievement.Andwatch this space:these achievements are
likely rapidly to be improved upon.Humanoid robots could have a plethora of uses in
society,helping to freepeople from everyday tasks.In Japan,for example,there is an aim to
createrobots that can do the tasks similar to an average human,and also act in moresophisticated
situations as firefighters,astronauts or medical assistants tothe elderly in the workplace and in
homes---partly in order to counterbalancethe effects of an ageing population.
F So in addition to these potentially creative plans there lies acertain dehumanization.The idea that
companions can be replaced with machines,for example,suggests a mechanical and degraded
notion of human relationships.On one hand,these developments express human creativity---our
ability toinvent,experiment,and to extend our control over the world.On the otherhand,the aim to
create a robot like a human being is spurred on by dehumanizedideas–by the sense that human
companionship can be substituted by machines;that humans lose their humanity when they interact
with technology;or that weare little more than surface and ritual behaviours,that can be stimulated
withmetal and electrical circuits.
G The tension between the dehumanized and creative aspects of robotshas long been explored in
culture.In Karel Capek’s Rossum’s Universal Robot,a1921 play in which the term“robot”was first
coined,although Capek’s robotshad human-like appearance and behaviour,the dramatist never
thought theserobots were human.For Capek,being human was about much more than appearing
tobe human.In part,it was about challenging a dehumanizing system,andstruggling to become
recognized and given the dignity of more than a machine.Asimilar spirit would guide us well
through twenty-first century experiments inrobotics.Passage 3 科学
In some cultures,the old age is more valued,while in some cultures the youth is more
valued.Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Section 1 介绍保姆工作
An application for cleaning maid
Example,Job description,cleaning maid
4.How long to drive to:2.5,Kilometres
5.家庭没有游泳池带有自己的 membership for,club
6.应聘者需要的能力,driving,A license is required
7.For further details,insurance
8.家庭雇主,姓名 family name:kellar
9.休息日时,The full days off:on Sundays10.当地最著名的运动 The most popular sport,sailing
Section 2 小岛旅游注意事项
she read some letters and explain some advices 通过短信网络给未来旅游者一些 tips
11 what about the tip to taxi drivers:(难题,迷惑!)
A as much as you feel right
there is no set rate,it's up to you entirely
B no tip at all
C10%tip 剪发 hairdressers、餐馆小费给 10%
12 What can do if you get sick(medical service
A might be charged bill must be paid by visitors,there are English-speaking doctors
B contact with your personal insurance(medical services can not very pricy,better bought your
personal insurance before coming on)
C find the hotel doctor
13 bottled water's feature
A contains no mineral
B unsafe tap water
C have an unusual taste
tap water wield taste,smelly:contains minerals
14 hat should be paid attention to about bottled water
A the expensive price
B often use tap water
(be sure the sealed lid untouched,locals often put-into the bottle)
C not sold everywhere
15 how do you think of bus?
B punctual many bus,yet it is on time
C not comfortable bumpy roads
16 How do you know the buses'destinations(number
A you could check it in the front of the bus(not all show its mumber on the front)
B you could find it in the bus stop
C better check with the driver go to enquire info with drivers
17 How should you rent a car
A find a taxi company(no,whey don not answer the phone)
B find the hotel reception(book via hotel may be overcharged,commission
C compares the price in advance yourselves Compare among several companies;
18 What should be paid attention to rent a car:what are included
mentioned unlimited mileage,maps
19 How to find a taxi easily
A call the taxi company
B look for taxi in advance
C stop on the street原文先说不要打电话预订,他们也不过是把附近最近的给你找来也说了 taxi 不是随时有(所不
能在路边拦)。因为 TAXI 是不会停的,送完了客人,就直接把车开走了
20 what should be paid attention to the taxi fee
A no extra money asked
B what're included
C confirm the price before get in
Section 3 送鲜花礼物的心理学实验
Sam is studying psychology,Tina marketing discussion flowers gift experiment
21 where do they conduct the experiment?
buildings in the town
22 what advantage for cooperation as Sam and Tina formed a team?
B use less time
C have different ideas
23 做实验室关于给进电梯的人发 experiment of flower or pen or candle 原文有说 Tina's uncle
A 让人们自己选择 chosen by participants
B give them to specific person
24 What is the warning result of the experiment?
gifts may be regarded as too cheap
23-28)Multiple choice(多选题,5 选 2)
23-24)the disadvantage about Tina's experiment
C financial problem
D effect on her uncle's business
25-26)the disadvantage about Sam’s experiment
A it is hard to observe the reaction of participants
A woman laugh more than man when receiving flowers
C both are unhappy when receive the pens
29-30)disadvantage of the experiment
not much variety of background of interviewees
Section 4 生物新能源的特点和应用
31-40 Filling the following blanks in the note:
Condition as fuels
-can be grown in 31 soil of poor quality
can survive 32 drought for a long period time
can stop land 33:Erosion happened in some areas
(attention:erosion is not countable noun,So NO"SThen recording introduced advantage of the energy,which can replace traditional energy-diesel/
-Produce more diesel than soybean,wheat and 34:corn
35:leaves can also be used to produce
36:emit much carbon dioxide
What happened in Africa,what product can it make?
37:can be made into candles ropes
38:easy for digestion
Limitation of Biofuel
damaging environment XXX cause loss of tropical rainforests and 39 wildlife
and adding the problem of 40 global warming
Section 3 选课建议
21.为什么换课？选 go abroad
22.男生认为经济课怎么样？B boring and dull
23.男生问选课建议？C it's up to you
24.女生为什么想学外国语言课？C business and commerce are useful
A have free thoughts
B enthusiastic about the lecture
27.communication--help speak in public
28.psychology--help in large group and team work
29.interpretation--help in cooperation
30.communication 3--help reduce quarrel caused by the culture difference
Section 4 香料的历史
【重复 2018 年 11 月 17 日亚太卷】
31.Romans use peppers to cook and preparing for perfumes
32.Greek and Italian adding much spice to show their cuisine tastes.Meanwhile in Ancient Roman
spices can be displayed as wealth
33.It can influence people’s mood
34.It contributed the exploration of the new world
35.Spice B clove-can relieve toothache
36.Peppercorns-can take place of money
37.Spice C-burnt scent can hinder domestic smells
38.It is expensive because of great transport cost
39.Trade of spice boosted the development of ship-building industry
40.Cities received valuable tax from the spice阅读部分
Passage 1 Migration of Vikings
Passage 2 Commission
Passage 3 在博物馆卖画
美国人食盐摄入量 2000 年，男女年龄对比图。
（同 2019 年 3 月 14 日亚太考题、2019 年 6 月 29 日亚太考题、2019 年 6 月 29 日香港考题）
In many countries,prison is the most common solution to the problem of crime.However,another
effective way is to provide people with better education so that they can not become criminals.To
what extent do you agree or disagree?